Peace and Diplomacy
"Maintaining our global leadership throughout the world is essential to our national interests and our security."
SUMMARY OF STANCE
In a world of rapid modernization, global trade, and emerging threats, it is vital to our national interests that we continue to be a key player on the international stage. I have long believed that military action should remain a last resort. Our first response should always be diplomacy. Only through negotiations can we hope to maintain peace and expand freedom around the world.
RELATED ACTIONS AND LEGISLATION
Introducing legislation is just one action that a member of Congress can take to address a concern or issue that impacts constituents. House Members can also introduce Congressional resolutions calling on the House (or even the full Congress) as a body to recognize or support a certain event or position on an issue. Members can write letters to government leaders requesting they take certain action, hold hearings with expert panels to address issues, work with colleagues at the committee level on specific issues, or even make direct in-person appeals to other Members or officials in the government. Here are a few examples of how I have taken action on this issue.
Human rights must be an essential goal of United States foreign policy, and I believe our country should play a critical role in advancing the rights of all peoples across the globe. To learn more about my work on human rights, click here.
The United States must continue to be at the forefront of progressive diplomatic efforts At the same time we must promote diplomacy and peaceful resolutions to international conflicts. When America and its allies are faced with violent adversity, we must always stand vigilant and continue our cooperative efforts abroad in the name of liberty and justice for all people.
The situation with North Korea is fraught with danger. North Korea’s despotic leader, Kim Jong-un, has made clear that his ambition is to possess weapons, both nuclear and conventional, that can reach the U.S. mainland.
It is critically important that the United States demonstrate leadership. We must work with our allies, Japan and South Korea, to ensure that North Korea does not have the capability of attacking the U.S., Japan, or South Korea with nuclear weapons. We must work with China to diffuse the situation and pressure North Korea to step back from the nuclear precipice.
Few decisions are more needing of debate than a move to launch attacks, or declare war, on a nuclear-armed state such as North Korea. Military action against North Korea was considered by the Obama, Bush and Clinton Administrations, but all ultimately determined there was no military option that would not run the unacceptable risk of a severe and vicious counter-reaction from Pyongyang. This reaction could immediately threaten the lives of as many as a third of the South Korean population, put nearly 30,000 U.S. service members and over 100,000 other U.S. citizens residing in South Korea in grave danger, and also threaten other regional allies such as Japan.
To hammer home the point that military action must be a haven of last resort, I wrote to the President directly to remind him of constitutional responsibility to consult and receive authorization from Congress before ordering the use of U.S. military force, which would include any military action against North Korea that is not in response to an attack by that country. The mandate requiring Congressional consultation and authorization is prescribed in both the U.S. Constitution and the War Powers Resolution of 1973.
The agreement has been successfully implemented and Iran continues to meet its obligations under the terms. But make no mistake: Iran must never be allowed to develop a nuclear weapon. As we move forward, the basis of this agreement must remain verification, not trust. Iran must remain to be held to a rigid and rigorous scrutiny demanding their compliance with every word of the agreement. If they don't, it will be our duty to impose the full weight of the agreement's penalties and sanctions. In the case of violation, all options, including military action, must remain open.
Syrian Civil War
It is my desire to see a lasting peace established in the Middle East. I deplore the loss of life in Syria and I condemn the violence and human rights violations on all sides of the conflict.
Should diplomatic efforts fail in the case of international conflict, I support robust economic and political sanctions from the international community before deciding upon military action. I firmly believe that peace should always remain our primary goal, but we cannot back down to terrorism or human rights abuses abroad.
In August of 2013 and again in early 2017, the United Nations and the international community received information that Syrian President Bashar Assad used sarin nerve gas against his own people during the ongoing civil war. I have strongly condemned both attacks. While the murder of Syrian civilians by the Syrian government is an obscenity in and of itself, the use of chemical weapons is an affront to every rule, law, and convention that the United States and the international community hold sacrosanct. These flagrant violations of international conventions, along with numerous other attacks against Syrian civilians using other weapons banned by international treaty, make me believe that Assad is guilty of serious war crimes that he must be held accountable for by the international community.
The 2017 chemical attack is even more heinous because Syria had already agreed to destroy its stockpile of chemical weapons following the international outcry over the 2013 attacks. It only further reinforces that Assad cannot be trusted.
Ultimately, the burden to resolve the Syrian situation must come from Syria’s neighbors and other nations in the Middle East. While I believe it is critical for the United States to play a role, it believe it should not be one that involves troops on the ground.
Even when it comes to the use of American air power to attack forces in Syria, I believe that the President must consult with and gain the approval of Congress as no Authorization for Use of Military Force (AUMF) currently exists to allow the President to attack a nation that has not directly attacked the U.S.
The United States is a force for good throughout the world, and I believe it is imperative that we continue to expand our positive impact which can only, in turn, strengthen our relationship with our international friends. Working with intergovernmental agencies such as the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), the Department of State, and the private sector, I believe we can help promote development, democracy, and a thriving economy both at home and abroad.
It is both disappointing and discouraging to see the proposed budgetary decimation of our nation’s foreign aid by the Trump Administration. It is in our best interest as a nation to provide this type of aid as it helps promotes international stability and engenders good will toward the U.S.
CAUCUSES OR MEMBERSHIPS RELATED TO ISSUE
Congressional Caucus on Vietnam
I am proud to serve as the Co-Chair of the Congressional Caucus on Vietnam which is dedicated to fighting for civil, political, and religious freedom for the citizens of Vietnam.
Congressional Cambodia Caucus
I am the co-founder and serve as the Co-Chair of the bipartisan Congressional Cambodia Caucus which brings together Members of Congress interested in both Cambodia’s difficult political situation and the broader U.S. relationship with the Southeast Asian nation.
Tom Lantos Human Rights Commission
The mission of the Tom Lantos Human Rights Commission is to promote, defend and advocate internationally recognized human rights norms in a nonpartisan manner, both within and outside of Congress, as enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other relevant human rights instruments.
Humpty Dumpty Institute -- Congressional Advisory Board
The Humpty Dumpty Institute is a unique non-profit organization that serves people in the developing world through the implementation of large-scale humanitarian projects and through its work with the United Nations.
Connecting the Americas Caucus
The Connecting the Americas Caucus focuses on deepening our relationship with Latin America and discussing new approaches to U.S. policy toward the region. The caucus encourages small and medium-sized businesses to collaborate to create jobs, promote innovation, and, ultimately, improve security. The caucus highlights investment opportunities in the U.S. banking and transportation sectors for Latin American businesses, connects U.S. businesses with Members of Congress, identifies market access obstacles and opportunities, and ensures that rule of law and human rights are respected.
Congressional Caucus on India and Indian-Americans
The Congressional Caucus on India and Indian-Americans is a bi-partisan caucus that champions strong ties between the United States and India, as well as the growing Indian-American community in the U.S.
Religious Minorities in the Middle East Caucus
This caucus as an informational and advocacy entity in the House for besieged religious minorities who are central to a pluralistic, multi-cultural Middle East.
For more information concerning my work and views on peace and foreign affairs, please contact me.
More on Peace and Diplomacy
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Today, Congressman Alan Lowenthal joined with the other 18 Jewish Members of the House of Representatives in issuing the following joint, bipartisan statement in response to a UNESCO resolution which condemned Israel for the recent surge in violence and falsely blamed Israel for violating the status quo of Jerusalem's Temple Mount.
Below is the full text of the joint statement:
Throughout the entire Congressional debate over the Iran nuclear agreement, one thing has been clear: everyone, on both sides of the issue, is unwaveringly pro-Israel. While I believe that the best path to preventing Iran from acquiring nuclear weapons is through the diplomacy of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, I have greatly appreciated the discussion and debate over the issue, and the spotlight it has brought to not only the safety and security of Israel, but our deep ties to our staunch ally.
Congressman Alan Lowenthal (CA-47), a member of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, today released the following statement expressing his support for the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) agreement between the P5+1 nations and Iran aimed at preventing Iran from acquiring a nuclear weapon:
Congressman Alan Lowenthal today issued the following statement regarding an announcement of an agreement being reached in the P5+1 nuclear negotiations with Iran:
Congressman Alan Lowenthal (CA-47) today issued the following statement on the visit of Vietnam Communist Party leader Nguyen Phu Trong to the United Staets, including today's Oval Office meeting with President Barack Obama:
Congressman Alan Lowenthal (CA-47) today led a group of 81 Members of Congress expressing concern to Secretary of State John Kerry about continued human rights violations throughout Mexico and urging the Secretary to raise these issues with the government of Mexico.
The letter to Secretary Kerry, authored by Congressman Lowenthal and signed by 81 Members of Congress, highlights the broad pattern of grave human rights violations in Mexico, including cases of torture, arbitrary detentions, kidnapping, and extra-judicial executions.
Congressman Alan Lowenthal (CA-47) today welcomed news that Vietnamese human rights advocate Le Quoc Quan had been freed after 30 months in prison in Vietnam, but remains convinced that Mr. Quan's persecution is a further example of the Vietnamese government using politically motivated charges to silence dissident voices within the country.
"International trade is a critical part of the 47th District's economy. At the same time, American workers and businesses should be able to conduct trade on a level playing field. I voted no on "fast track" trade promotion authority (TPA) because giving the president TPA means that Congress cannot amend a trade agreement--it can only vote to support or oppose an agreement negotiated by the President.